The ecology of fear: Elk responses to wolves in Yellowstone are not what we thought


“The story of wolves in Yellowstone has been made true by repeated telling, not by good science,” said Tom Hobbs, an ecologist at Colorado State University who studies how willows are responding to the wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone. “The trophic cascade story is stated as if it is undisputed fact, but it is not. It’s a lovely story, a simple clear one. But in reality, it is more nuanced, more complex, and it may even be dead wrong.”